Mastic, cultivation and care

Mastic, cultivation and care

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The mastic it is a very common shrub in our territory, being an integral part of the Mediterranean scrub that traditionally abounds in most of the Italian regions. Used in a very versatile way in different areas of our life (even in folk medicine), it is a rather "robust" plant, able to adapt to even the most difficult environmental conditions. Precisely for this reason it can be favorably used to be able to redevelop environments that otherwise may not be favorably populated by shrubs, or to decorate poorer soils.

But how cultivate and care the mastic?

Lentisk cultivation

Starting with the basics, let's remember that the mastic it is a very rustic shrub species, which can easily adapt even to rather critical environmental conditions. It can therefore withstand the heat, as well as the cold: but be careful not to rely excessively in the strength of the mastic tree, which could not tolerate particularly prolonged frosts.

While cold is generally not a problem for mastic, the same can be said for the wind. Being an extremely tenacious plant, the mastic can in fact resist very well even the most violent gusts, possibly adapting to the gusts, shaping its shape.

As for its needs in terms of soil, the mastic easily adapts to different types of agricultural land, managing to vegetate well both in loose and rocky ones. However, its most appropriate solution is that linked to the presence of a fresh and deep soil, both acidic and alkaline (the pH of the soil does not in fact affect the growth of the mastic).

Also on the front ofirrigation there is good news. In fact, the mastic has no need for water once it has passed the first cry of the plant. Even in the event of a particularly dry climate, watering every 2 or 3 weeks will suffice to favor the development of the plant.

How to prune the mastic tree

As regards the mastic pruning, we are faced with a plant that gives its best when it is left to grow in free form. Therefore, pruning is not necessary, generally limited to the hypotheses in which the plant is to be reared with a sapling shape and, therefore, with purely ornamental purposes.

Obviously, this does not mean that the mastic can be left to itself. In fact, it may be particularly convenient and useful to proceed with the removal of the branches that may be dry or damaged.

How to cure mastic

Moving on to the mastic care, the plant is unfortunately no stranger to the attack of parasites such as aphids, and especially those that are attributable to the species Aploneura slow down, which specially affects this shrub. Fortunately, you can still give a concrete hand to the mastic by applying natural macerates that will allow you to safeguard the health of the plants by removing pest infestations, such as nettle or garlic.

Among the other parasites that could unfortunately find hospitality in the mastic tree there is also the cochineal, comparable with fern macerate.

What is mastic used for

Now that we have some more information on the cultivation and care of mastic, let's try to understand how this shrub, so widespread in a large part of the Mediterranean, can be used.

First of all, let us remember how a vegetable oil with characteristics rather similar to those of olive oil and, precisely for this reason, used very frequently in the poorest areas, and in times of famine, to replace the more noble olive oil. In addition to food use, mastic and its oil has soothing properties on skin, so much so that in the past it was also used as a disinfectant for wounds.

Another product deriving from mastic is his essential oil, obtained from a distillation process of the plant, with balsamic, invigorating and refreshing properties, used in diffusers to purify and perfume the air. Relaxing and anti-rheumatic, it can also be used for a nice relaxing bath.

Again, we remember how themastic essential oil is also known for its anti-inflammatory, sedative, astringent and antiseptic properties of the mucous membranes. Precisely for these characteristics it is sometimes recommended as a natural remedy for diseases of the airways and urinary tract.

Mastic essential oil can be used as an ingredient for rinsing and gargling, thus obtaining a beneficial contribution against gingivitis, pyorrhea, sore throat, halitosis, inflammation of the oral cavity and other mouth discomfort. Instead, you can use the essential oil in the washings of the most intimate area, in order to obtain a beneficial topical treatment against cystitis, uretrics and prostatitis.

Not everyone knows that from mastic you can also get a putty, the Chios mastic, named after the Greek island from which it is produced on a larger scale. Chios mastic can be obtained by making incisions on the trunk or on the largest branches, from which the resin comes out. In contact with the air, the resin congeals, becoming a real natural rubber. But for which uses?

The mastic can be chewed, thus becoming a sort of chewing-gum that can adhere to the teeth, and thus release all the anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, useful against gingivitis, pyorrhea, paradontosis. It also gives a pleasant smell to the breath and gives a feeling of cleanliness.

Among other uses, there is also the possibility of using mastic berries to flavor meat. Naturally, mastic wood is particularly coveted for various handicrafts thanks to its hardness and the veined red of which it is characterized.

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  4. Swinton

    Congratulations, you have just a great thought.

  5. Laurentiu

    Same way

  6. Reynold


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